Those traveling from Mariupol to Zaporizhia, Ukraine must pass through a filtration checkpoint. (©Leo Correa/AP image)
A new report from the Yale University Institute for Humanities says the Russian government may be engaging in torture and forced labor in filtered regions in eastern Ukraine. Satellite imagery also indicates that a tomb may exist at one facility.
This report uses open-source data cross-referenced with recent high-resolution satellite imagery. Only sites whose location and activity were corroborated by five independent sources were included.
“President Putin and his government cannot engage in these persistent abuses without impunity. said in
What is filtration equipment?
According to the report, filtration facilities include:
- registration pointUkrainian citizens are forced to answer questions, collect personal data and biometrics before being issued a “filtering certificate” that allows them freedom of movement in their country. If it does not pass the registration point, it will be sent to:
- Venue For those awaiting registration;
- interrogation centerwhere many are tortured.
- detention facilitywhere civilians are subject to short-term or long-term imprisonment.
Civilians leaving the Russian-controlled areas of Ukraine and attempting to reach them are forced to pass filtration centers strategically placed along the main roads, rivers and other arteries of the Russian-controlled areas. I’m here. “All those fleeing the three states [administrative regions] Those who do not want to go to Russia must pass here [Vasylivka] checkpoint,” the report said.
Civilians are also rounded up and forcibly taken to the filtration facility.
As of June 14, Lyudmila Denisova, a former Ukrainian ombudswoman, said at least 1.7 million Ukrainian civilians, including 276,000 children, were sent to Russia through filtration sites.Russian officials , reports that the number is double that, closer to 3.4 million, including more than 500,000 children.
The Russian government has a history of using filtration facilities. Russia installed similar filtration facilities in Chechnya during the first (1994-1996) and second (1999-2009) Chechen wars. Prisoners there reported torture, beatings, and sexual assaults.
In 2000, Human Rights Watch reported on facilities in Chechnya: Some are eventually released if their relatives pay a bribe. Others never come back. “
21 filtration sites were identified
The Yale report details 21 verified filtration sites in and around Donetsk, some for processing, some for containment or interrogation, and some for detention. The Russian government seized Ukrainian schools, markets, administrative buildings and prisons as filtration sites shortly after its full-scale invasion of Ukraine six months ago.
According to eyewitnesses cited in the report, conditions at the registration points were overcrowded and unsanitary. Ukrainian civilians say they were forced to wait for days without access to food, water or toilets. Several died while waiting.
Prison facilities are worse. According to the report, “Civilians are often held alongside prisoners of war, and there is strong evidence of inhumane conditions and treatment and even … torture.”
800 Ukrainians are being held instead in a 100-capacity prison. People only have enough space to kneel and can’t use the restroom for days.
Inhumane treatment of Ukrainians
Civilians, mostly men, undergo compulsory nudity screening. According to eyewitness testimony cited in the report, detainees are beaten if their personal cell phone tattoos, clothing, or even social media posts show loyalty to Ukraine. .
Detention facilities and others who escaped detention facilities said:
- Physical abuse, including the use of electric current.
- A hunger where you can eat only 50 grams of bread every day.
- Forced to dig mass graves.
Reports say that captured Ukrainian soldiers are treated worse. A man who escaped from prison in April said, “Newly captured soldiers have been brought into the colony. [Russian soldiers] started beating them. These prisoners were beaten the moment the guards turned on the radio for the entire prison,” he said.
“The Ukrainian people deserve justice, and the United States will continue to stand with them wherever possible,” the State Department said.