If humanity is to survive in the face of climate change, nuclear proliferation and international political conflict, we must muster the courage to act with conviction and unity. At all levels, from individuals to nations, we must adopt the mindset that world leaders took on the colossal task of ensuring world peace after the horrors of World War II. must be Unfortunately, we currently lack that conviction and unity.
Multilateral institutions have too often failed to deliver on their mandate. António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations, officially recognized The failure of the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations body tasked with ensuring global security and peace, to prevent or end the war in Ukraine. The Security Council is made up of five permanent members – the United States, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom – and, as Russia has repeatedly done, vetoes that can block resolutions made to deal with the conflict. It had no effect because it has the right. About the Ukrainian War.
Although there is general consensus that the climate crisis must be addressed internationally, climate agreement Disagreements about which countries are most responsible for reducing fossil fuel emissions and how to develop roadmaps for reducing emissions can easily hamper them. for example, Paris Agreement It requires countries to set lenient or strict “nationally determined contributions” and relies primarily on peer pressure to encourage compliance. Moreover, the support of the largest contributors of emissions, the United States and China, is essential for these agreements to be effective. International action on climate change has been greatly hampered by the US government’s decision to oppose ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.Just as the Trump administration decided to withdraw the US from the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement It was a big blow.
Nor do current international institutions appear to be able to ensure nuclear disarmament. Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) such as Russia, China and the United States have recently failed to keep their nuclear disarmament promises with the Russian government. refuse to go back Final Draft of Updated Declaration on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In addition, China, the United States, Russia, and other his six her NWS Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear WeaponsThis was an agreement driven by non-nuclear-weapon states frustrated that nuclear-weapon states had failed to meet their nuclear disarmament commitments set out in the NPT.
To effectively deal with these transnational threats, we need to strengthen and begin transforming the United Nations into a democratically elected World Federation.This is currently a huge but necessary task facilitated by World Federation Movement and its US member organizations, Citizen of global solutions.
Why do we need the World Federation?as a philosopher Emery Reeves claimed, the Industrial Revolution created an economically and physically interdependent world, leaving the power of political decision-making to individual states. This is the lawless system that caused the world wars. The only way to prevent conflict is to transfer some political authority to a higher source of information, the World Government.Former Editor-in-Chief Norman Cousins saturday reviewplacing the need for world federalism in the context of the atomic age, the advent of the nuclear bomb National sovereignty is “obsolete”. In an unregulated international environment, any country could easily acquire nuclear weapons, thereby threatening other nations’ national sovereignty and all of humanity. therefore, absolute National sovereignty is essential to ensure the stability and survival of all nations in the future.
How will a world government be created? One of the key proposals is to strengthen the United Nations by transforming it into a world parliament capable of passing binding resolutions.World Federalist Richard Hudson argued that such a Congress would decision making procedure Binding resolutions are passed by a two-thirds majority of the current Member States, those representing two-thirds of the total population of Member States, and those contributing two-thirds of the funds to the budget of the World Government. is approved byFederalists around the world also support Reform of the UN Security Council important reforms endorsed by figures like Brazil’s newly elected president, by canceling veto powers and increasing the number of permanent members of the Council; Lula da SilvaOther important suggestions include: “International Disarmament Agency” Strengthening the International Criminal Court.
The newly created world government Equipped to cope effectively Climate change, conflicts between nations, nuclear proliferation. A country’s military can be as small as needed to maintain domestic security, diverting military budgets to domestic infrastructure and improving the quality of life for its citizens. As part of the international administration, an “international peacekeeping force” can be created to enforce world law and prevent conflicts between nations. Moreover, the democratically elected World Parliament could call for the complete disarmament of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons. On climate change, world governments can issue binding resolutions that lead the planet towards a more sustainable future through green technology and climate change mitigation. Moreover, some federalists and environmental activists around the world International Environmental Courtwhich may provide an enforcement mechanism for climate treaties.
Many will say that a world republic is unattainable. Which country would agree to limit its absolute sovereignty? Indeed, countries whose political leaders are bound by special interests such as military contractors or the fossil fuel industry may not agree to such an arrangement. not. But if people unite to claim their right to live in a peaceful world free of nuclear weapons and enjoy an economically and environmentally sustainable future, federal governments around the world stand to protect themselves. If you insist on birth rights, this seemingly unattainable dream could turn out to be: our reality.
Jacopo de Marinis is the Social Media and Communications Coordinator. Global Solution Citizen.