As the US midterm elections approach, immigration is one of the most controversial political issues in the United States, largely related to the number of people trying to enter the United States at the Southwest border.
While record numbers of immigrants are arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, while Republicans are blaming Democratic President Joe Biden, data analyzed by the Immigration Policy Institute (MPI) shows that the Biden administration are active in immigration and have issued 296 executive orders.
The Biden administration has retained some Trump-era policies.
US-Mexico Border and Asylum Program
The Biden administration continues Title 42, a policy implemented in March 2020 by order of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to protect public health during a pandemic. More than 1 million immigrants seeking asylum in the United States were deported to their home country or Mexico in fiscal 2022.Families with young children entering the United States
U.S. law grants asylum to people facing persecution in their home country on the basis of race, religion, national origin, political opinion, or membership in certain groups.
In May 2022, the Biden administration announced it would end Title 42.
The Biden administration has successfully ended another Trump-era policy known as the Immigration Protection Protocol (MPP). This required asylum seekers to wait in Mexico until immigration courts heard their cases.
Immigrants are no longer enrolled in the MPP by federal court order. Already he is registered with the MPP and those awaiting in Mexico will be allowed to enter the United States for the upcoming trial and will not be required to return to Mexico.
On 31 May 2022, the administration began changing the way some asylum applications are processed. The new guidance aims to streamline the asylum process and reduce cases sent to U.S. immigration courts backlog. U.S. asylum officials will adjudicate asylum claims for immigrants placed in expedited removal proceedings beginning May 31.
Biden initially set the US refugee cap at 15,000 per year. This was the lowest number in modern U.S. history and sparked a Democratic protest on the Capitol. In May, the administration raised the cap to 62,500. However, the number of refugees actually admitted to the United States totaled 11,411 in fiscal 2021 through September 30.
The Biden administration has raised the refugee limit for fiscal 2022 to 125,000. But as of July, the program has received 17,690 refugees. Defenders say the regime will not be able to meet its ambitious goals, but point to a refugee program that has suffered years of limited admissions and is still rebuilding. There is
Biden is expected to set a new cap on October 1, but challenges related to the pandemic and resource allocation remain.
The Biden administration has pledged to make better use of existing enforcement resources beyond the border, including guidelines on detention, arrest, and removal. On September 30, we announced a new set of enforcement priorities called Guidelines for Enforcement of the Civil Immigration Act.
Mayorkas has directed immigration and immigration officials (ICE) officials to focus on public safety, national security threats, and immigrants who recently illegally crossed the U.S.-Mexico border. Under former President Donald Trump, ICE officials were given wide discretion to arrest and deport immigrants.
Some Republican-led states have sued the Biden administration, arguing that its guidelines focus primarily on individuals convicted of aggravated felonies and ignore those who have committed other crimes. A federal judge has since suspended some elements of the September guidelines.
According to MPI, current DHS Priority Implementation Guidelines focus on limiting immigration enforcement to specific populations, locations and circumstances. Otherwise, ICE officials can make “individual enforcement decisions” taking into account the circumstances of each case.
“ICE officials are generally instructed not to arrest or detain individuals who are pregnant, postpartum, or breastfeeding,” MPI said.
Other places where police are asked to limit enforcement actions are courts, schools, hospitals, places of worship, public ceremonies such as funerals and weddings, and places of protest.
Mayorkas also directed sub-agency of the DHS to ensure that noncitizens who served in the U.S. military are deported to the United States if immigration officers determine they were wrongfully deported.
Some immigrants who moved to the United States under unusual circumstances received temporary permission to stay in the United States. This applies to those under Temporary Protection Status (TPS), Deferred Action for Child Arrivals (DACA), and Humanitarian Parole.
Under the Biden administration, immigrants from 15 countries now have or are eligible for TPS. TPS allows applicants to temporarily live and work in the United States and defer deportation. The TPS designation can be done by her for 6, 12, or 18 months at a time.
Created by the Obama administration in 2012, DACA, which allows people brought to the United States as minors to attend school and work legally in the United States, is now in its 10th year. But the program has been the focus of numerous lawsuits, leaving recipients living in the dark.
DACA recipients are currently awaiting a decision by the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in a lawsuit challenging the legality of the program.
In August, the Biden administration released the final version of the rules codifying DACA. This rule leaves the program as created by the Obama administration. If no legal objection is filed, the rules will come into force on October 31, 2022.
Also, while TPS and DACA recipients are permitted to live and work in the United States, the programs do not provide a pathway to citizenship.
After more than a year of closure, U.S. embassies and consulates around the world have reopened for immigrant and nonimmigrant visa appointments. I am facing a significant wait time for my visa.
A State Department spokesperson told VOA in August that wait times for visa interviews vary from country to country and depend on local conditions and demand. less than a month, and much less at some consulates,” the spokesperson said.
In September, the Biden administration finalized rules to remove hurdles to immigration for those deemed “high” likely to become dependent on the public interest when trying to obtain a visa or permanent residency in the United States.
The final rule is scheduled to go into effect on December 23rd. The announcement of DHS revives a historical understanding of the “public burden” that has been in place for decades.
This allows DHS to label noncitizens as public money if they receive certain noncash benefits available to noncitizens, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and other nutrition programs, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and Medicaid. means not. Long-term institutional care — related to housing benefits or vaccinations or communicable disease testing.
Immigration laws stall
On his first day in office, Mr. Biden unveiled a sweeping immigration reform bill called the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021. This included his eight-year route to citizenship for an estimated 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States.
In the Capitol, the bill is mostly considered dead. Other immigration bills have been introduced, but Congress has yet to pass them.